How to care for teenage skin and how to prevent breakouts

Below the age of 20 but during puberty the skin is constantly adjusting to the surge of hormones that help us develop into young adults. Many teens need to treat skin conditions such as acne, which occurs when pores on the surface of skin become clogged. This happens when oil glands produce too much oil, and pores get blocked with dirt, bacteria.
Sometimes, moisturizers and greasy cosmetics contribute to the development of acne. Because hormones affect oil production, anything that affects your hormone levels may influence your skin. Some experts believe that stress, such as from exams, may trigger outbreaks of acne.
Many teens have drier skin during the winter months, when humidity is low and heaters force hot, dry air into enclosed rooms. Moisturize with a non-perfumed, non-alcohol-containing lotion after washing. 
Sometimes it may seem like your skin is impossible to manage, especially when you wake up and find a huge zit on your nose! If you're concerned about acne, talk to a dermatologist. Dermatologists offer a range of treatments that help to prevent and acne scars. A dermatologist can help you find the treatment method that's best for you and can also give you lots of useful tips for dealing with acne and caring for your skin type.

Here are some skin care and make-up tips for teens to help prevent breakouts:

1. The secret to avoiding blackheads is keeping your face clean. If you use makeup, moisturizer, sunscreen or anything else on your face, keep in mind it is VERY important clean your face at the end of the day. Gently massage your face with circular motions. Don't scrub. Overwashing and scrubbing can cause skin to become irritated. Touching your face can spread the bacteria that cause pores to become inflamed and irritated. To keep bacteria away, wash your hands before applying anything to your face, such as treatment creams or makeup.
2. The first beauty product you should apply every day is sunscreen, even if it's cloudy or rainy outside. Why? Good habits start young and if you use sunscreen now, you'll have gorgeous skin when you're 50, 60, 70. Never put heavy cream on oily skin that is prone to breakouts. For oily skin, the moisturizer should be oil-free, but have hydrating qualities. Always apply moisturizers after cleansing and hydrating your skin.
3. Don't pop pimples. It's tempting, but here's why you shouldn't: Popping pimples can push infected material further into the skin, leading to more swelling and redness, and even scarring. Tea tree products offer a good solution for your skin as they are blemish treatments but also make you feel fresh and smell nice. A cleanser containing glycolic acid can help rid skin of dead cells. It's useful for teens who can't tolerate prescription retinoid creams, like Retin-A.
4.If you wear foundation, powder, blush, liner, mascara, eyeshadow, lip liner and gloss on an everyday basis, then you're probably overdoing it. All you really need is a mascara, concealer for blemishes and gloss. Add a pop of blush in winter. Don’t be a victim of "cake face," that matte look that screams to the world, "I wear lots of makeup." Avoid foundation and use a BB-cream ! Don't get shocking pink lipstick! A clear pink lip gloss is the perfect finishing touch for all skin tones. Teens should avoid dark and matted lips.
5. Use cosmetics and other facial products that are "non comedogenic," meaning they do not clog pores. Remove your makeup before you go to sleep. When buying makeup, make sure you choose brands that say "non comedogenic" or "non acnegenic" on the label. Throw away old makeup that smells or looks different from when you first bought it.
6. If you wear glasses or sunglasses, make sure you clean them frequently to keep oil from clogging the pores around your eyes and nose.
7. To remove eye make-up, especially waterproof mascara, there are products specifically formulated for the eye area. But some gentle facial cleansers can effectively remove eye and facial makeup, as well as cleanse the skin. Choose products that are fragrance-free to avoid irritating the eye area.
8. If you get acne on your body, try not to wear tight clothes. They don't allow skin to breathe and may cause irritation. Scarves, headbands, and caps can collect dirt and oil, too.
9. Keep hair clean and out of your face to prevent additional dirt and oil from clogging your pores.
10.Protect your skin from the sun. It may seem like a tan masks acne, but it's only temporary. A tan may worsen your acne, not improve it. Tanning also causes damage to skin that will eventually lead to wrinkles and increase your risk of skin cancer.
11. Don't treat acne with coconut oil, toothpaste, diaper rash creams, pee, garlic, hand sanitizer, baking soda and/or lemon juice.

If you or your teenage child are concerned about acne and excess oil, it is important to keep in mind that harsh products will only irritate skin, which will trigger additional oil and breakouts. This irritation will also make breakouts look worse. Acne that does not resolve with the use of appropriate cleansers and over-the-counter products should be treated by a doctor. Some types of acne, such as cystic acne, can be disfiguring, so it is a good idea to speak to your family doctor or dermatologist about your options.

Do you allow your daughter to wear makeup? What rules do you have? 
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